Dr. Hilton's Research Lab

Research Interests

Dr. Hilton's research program has two main areas of focus: (1) understanding the underlying cognitive mechanisms of social functioning in children with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and (2) evaluating and improving both established and novel treatments for ADHD.

In the first research area, Dr. Hilton is systematically examining various executive functions (e.g., working memory, planning, inhibition, etc.) and how they related to different aspects of the Social Information Processing (SIP) model of social functioning. He has done this in the past using controlled experimental designs to manipulate cognitive load and measure the effect on social processing. Dr. Hilton hopes to continue this research at Roanoke in both children and adults.

In the second research area, Dr. Hilton is working with colleagues in an outpatient medical setting to measure variables such as parenting stress and child behavior problems using ecological momentary assessment methods to better understand changes that occur as a result of behavioral parent training. This line of research is moving toward a cutting edge area of health intervention called "Just-in-time intervention" or "ecological momentary intervention." To examine potential benefits of EMI, Dr. Hilton will use information gathered from daily assessments to create algorithms that will inform real-time interventions. He is also conducting research on the cognitive and psychological effects of mindfulness meditation practice for individuals with and without ADHD.

What Dr. Hilton is looking for in a Research Assistant

    Dr. Hilton is looking for students who are curious, motivated, well-organized, and good at working with individuals across the lifespan (children, adolescents, adults). He is particularly interested in students who have an interest in clinical psychology but is open to working with anyone looking for quality research experiences. Dr. Hilton is interested in working with students at any level (i.e., freshman to seniors) and is particularly interested in students who wish to work in the lab multiple semesters.

    Recent Publications  

    • Rondon, A. T., Hilton, D. C., Jarrett, M. A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2018). Sleep, internalizing problems, and social withdrawal: Unique associations in clinic-referred youth with elevated sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms. Journal of Attention Disorders. Advance online publication. doi.org/10.1177/1087054718756197
    • Hilton, D. C., & Hamilton, J. C. (2017). The behavioral treatment of suspected conversion disorder in children: Providing an exit strategy. Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health. doi: 10.1080/23794925.2017.1389320  
    • Jarrett, M. A., Gable, P. A., Rondon, A. T., Neal, L. B., Price, H. F., & Hilton, D. C. (2017). An EEG study of children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Between group differences and associations with sluggish cognitive tempo symptoms. Journal of Attention Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1087054717723986   
    • Jarrett, M. A. & Hilton, D. C. (2017). Cognitive functions. In J. E. Lochman & W. A. Matthys (Eds.), The Wiley Handbook of Disruptive and Impulse-Control Disorders (pp. 159-174). New Jersey: Wiley.
    • Hilton, D. C., Jarrett, M. A., McDonald, K. L., & Ollendick, T. H. (2017). Attention problems as a mediator of the relation between executive function and social problems in a child and adolescent outpatient sample. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45, 777-788. doi: 10.1007/s10802-016-0200-6  
    • Jarrett, M. A., & Hilton, D. C. (2016). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety comorbidity: Implications for clinical practice.  National Academy of Neuropsychology Bulletin.  
    • Jarrett, M. A., Van Meter, A., Youngstrom, E. A., Hilton, D. C., & Ollendick, T. H. (2016). Evidence-based assessment of ADHD in youth using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) approach. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2016.1225502


    If you are interested in working with Dr. Hilton, please contact him at hilton@roanoke.edu